Following any surgery, some bleeding will occur. To stop bleeding, a piece of moist gauze can be placed over the empty tooth socket and you will need to bite down firmly for approximately 45 minutes before the blood will clot and bleeding will stop.
It's important to be careful not to dislodge the clot during brushing or eating. Also, avoid rinsing or spitting for 24 hours after the extraction and avoid smoking, hot liquids and using straws.
If swelling occurs, hold an ice pack on your face for 10 minutes and off for 20 minutes. Repeat this process as many times over a 24-hour period until you feel comfortable.
Pain and Medications
Pain after your extraction can be managed by using non-prescription pain relief medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Try to stick with soft foods and chew on the opposite side of the extraction site. Avoid hot liquids and alcoholic beverages for 24 hours after the extraction.
When the blood at the extraction site fails to clot, it is known as dry socket. Dry socket can also be the result of a dislodged blood clot within the socket. Following the post extraction instructions will minimize your chances of developing dry socket. If you are experiencing a dull throbbing pain radiating from the extraction site, which doesn’t appear until three to four days after the extraction, call your dentist—you could be suffering from dry socket. Other symptoms of dry socket include a bad taste or bad breath, and a dry extraction site, hence the name “dry socket.” Dry socket can significantly delay the healing process.
Brushing and Cleaning
Avoid brushing the teeth near the extraction site for 24 hours following the extraction. After one day you can rinse with salt water (half a teaspoon in a cup of warm water). This will gently cleanse the mouth and reduce your risk of infection. Avoid commercial mouth rinses, as they contain harsh chemicals which will irritate the site.
Following your extraction, the socket will be hollow but will close in time. The formation of new bone to fill in the socket could take weeks, even months. However, within one to two weeks you should be able to resume your regular eating and brushing routine.